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2010年考研阅读文章精读——解析版
建立自己进度感,进度不是时间的进度,是内容的进度。
学习本身就是痛苦的,但,这痛苦本身,不是彷徨带来的痛苦。我希望你们所有人有一点点的信仰。学习,是需要有信仰的。

我们的信仰其实很简单:功不唐捐。愿我们的努力,成就你们的坚持。
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Over the past decade, thousands of patents have been granted for what are called business methods. received one for its "one-click" online payment system. Merrill Lynch got legal protection for an asset allocation strategy. One inventor patented a technique for lifting a box.
* grant 授予;给予 If someone in authority grants you something, or if something is granted to you, you are allowed to have it.
take sth for granted
* what are called 所谓的
= what you call…, what we call…, what is called…, what is known as…, what is termed as
* asset allocation strategy 资产分配策略
allocation = assignment, distribution, sharing out
* patent v 获得专利权
patent impossible = obvious impossible
Now the nation"s top patent court appears completely ready to scale back on business-method patents, which have been controversial ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago. In a move that has intellectual-property lawyers abuzz the U.S. court of Appeals for the federal circuit said it would use a particular case to conduct a broad review of business-method patents. In re Bilski, as the case is known , is "a very big deal", says Dennis D. Crouch of the University of Missouri School of law. It "has the potential to eliminate an entire class of patents."
* appear completely ready to do sth 似乎已经充分准备好做某事
He appeared willing to reach an agreement.他似乎愿意达成协议。
She did her best to appear more self-assured than she felt...她竭力让自己表现得比实际更自信。
Under stress these people will appear to be superficial, over-eager and manipulative.这些人在压力下会显得浅薄无知、操之过急,而且爱摆布人。
* scale sth ↔ down / back
The emergency aid programme has now been scaled down.紧急救援计划现在已经缩减了规模。

* , which have been controversial 一直饱受争议
The changes are bound to be controversial.这些变化注定会引起争议。
* ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago. 自从十年前首次被授权以来
* intellectual-property 知识产权,专利
* conduct a broad review 进行一场广泛的审查
review n 审查(对于现状,系统),评论(对于书,电影)
* It "has the potential to eliminate an entire class of patents." 它可能会消除一整类专利。
You have the potential to reach the top of your profession.你有潜力达到事业的顶峰。
...the potential to fire the imagination of an entire generation...能够激发整整一代人想象力的潜能
不是杰出者善梦,而是善梦者杰出。
Curbs on business-method claims would be a dramatic about-face, because it was the federal circuit itself that introduced such patents with its 1998 decision in the so-called state Street Bank case, approving a patent on a way of pooling mutual-fund assets. That ruling produced an explosion in business-method patent filings, initially by emerging internet companies trying to stake out exclusive rights to specific types of online transactions. Later, more established companies raced to add such patents to their files, if only as a defensive move against rivals that might beat them to the punch. In 2005, IBM noted in a court filing that it had been issued more than 300 business-method patents despite the fact that it questioned the legal basis for granting them. Similarly, some Wall Street investment firms armed themselves with patents for financial products, even as they took positions in court cases opposing the practice.
* curb n v 限制
Many companies have imposed curbs on smoking in the workplace.
This legislation will drastically curb the power of local authorities.
* dramatic: great and sudden巨大而突然的,急剧的:dramatic change / shift / improvement
Computers have brought dramatic changes to the workplace.计算机给工作场所带来了巨大的变化。
dramatic increase / rise / fall / drop / reduction etc
Universities have suffered a dramatic drop in student numbers.大学里学生的数量急剧减少。

* about-face : 态度或观点的)彻底改变,大转变 An about-face is a complete change of attitude or opinion.
* The Government has introduced a number of other money-saving moves...政府已经采取了其他一些省钱的举措。
* The students worked together, pooling their knowledge.学生们贡献自己的知识,共同努力。
* initially by emerging internet companies 最初是新兴的网络公司
* stake out:明确表明,清楚界定(立场、要求等) If you stake out a position that you are stating or a claim that you are making, you are defending the boundaries or limits of the position or claim.
Those who want to take child abuse seriously today must stake out a humane child protection practice...当前想要认真对待虐待儿童问题的人们必须明确保护儿童的人道主义行为的具体做法。
* Competition from established businesses can be formidable.来自老牌企业的竞争可能会异常激烈。

well-established teaching methods被广泛采用的教学方法
* if only as a defensive move 即使仅仅作为一个保护举措
* beat sb / sth to the punch非正式用法,表意:先发制人,抢先做某事(得到某物)
The Bilski case involves a claimed patent on a method for hedging risk in the energy market. The Federal circuit issued an unusual order stating that the case would be heard by all 12 of the court"s judges, rather than a typical panel of three, and that one issue it wants to evaluate is whether it should "reconsider" its state street Bank ruling.
* issue an order 颁布指令
* one issue it wants to evaluate
The Federal Circuit"s action comes in the wake of a series of recent decisions by the supreme Court that has narrowed the scope of protections for patent holders. Last April, for example the justices signaled that too many patents were being upheld for "inventions" that are obvious. The judges on the Federal circuit are "reacting to the anti-patent trend at the Supreme Court", says Harold C. Wegner, a patent attorney and professor at George Washington University Law School.。

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